Military Applications
Listing of some important uses of lasers for Military Applications
This section is planned to post the list of some important journals, useful site links etc. Abstract of some of the recent research articles indicating the latest research trends along with a detailed bibliography will also be posted.

Suggestions to include any other information in this section are welcome.
  1. Russia developing laser weapons
  2. Fighter jets laser blinds heat-seeking missiles
  3. Planes being attacked by lasers at Birmingham Airport
  4. 'In test, US airborne laser shoots down missile: Pentagon
  5. 'Hefty 'battle strength' electro-laser breaks 100kW barrier
  6. 'Air Force Uses Airborne Lasers to Create High-Speed Data Links
  7. 'Key Reviews For HEL-TD Laser Program Completed
  8. 'Laser attacks on jets rising: Police
  9. 'City airport to get laser guns to check bird hits
  10. 'Blinding' lasers to protect superyachts from pirates
  11. Boeing Advanced Tactical Laser Strikes Moving Target In Test
  12. Elbit Systems unit, US Army complete helicopter tests
  13. Pain weapon in a potable version may end up in police hands
  14. PEW! AIRBORNE MILITARY LASER TAKES OUT TRUCK ON VIDEO
  15. JET PILOTS BLINDED BY LASER PEN YOB
  16. LASER ENERGETICS DEMONSTRATES DAZER LASER(TM) AT THE EMMY AWARDS
  17. TRUCK-MOUNTED LASER RAISES HOPES OF UNMANNED MILITARY DEFENSE
  18. U.S.- India Strategic Partnership on Laser-Based Missile Defense
  19. BOEING: WE ZAPPED A UAV WITH A LASER
  20. LASER 1, DRONE 0 IN BOEING TEST
  21. Boeing Laser Avenger Shoots Down Unmanned Aerial Vehicle In Tests
  22. Thompson Files: Fuzed weapons are good
  23. Air Force Looks to Laser-Proof Its Weapons
  24. 'Laser jumbo' testing moves ahead
  25. Boeing Designs Laser Weapon
  26. COMPACT LASER DAZZLERS FOR CANADIAN FORCES SMALL ARMS
  27. Revellers blinded by laser show in Russia
  28. U.S. Sonic Blaster + Laser = New Weapon
  29. Pilots dazzled by laser pointers
  30. Taking Terror Threat Out of Flying
  31. FERRIES TARGETED IN LASER ATTACKS
  32. Navy Pushing Laser 'Holy Grail' to Weapons Grade
  33. Defense officials view laser as future of anti-missile technology
  34. X-47B manhunter drone could fly next year, to carry laser weapons and more
  35. FRENCH CHAMPION LYON FINED AFTER FAN AIMED LASER AT CRISTIANO RONALDO
  36. ISRAELI TOWN DEMANDS ANTI-MISSILE LASER
  37. VIDEO: ARMY LASERS ZAP BIKERS IN AFGHANISTAN
  38. U.S. Tests Anti-IED Laser
  39. TESTING NEEDED ON LASER WEAPONS, MILITARY OBSERVERS SAY
  40. Boeing Tests Avenger Solid State Laser Weapon
  41. SKorea seen developing laser weapons
  42. Blackwater's New Weapon: Laser Dazzlers
  43. AIRCRAFT LASER ATTACKS ON THE INCREASE
  44. Israel Air Force to be Equipped With Elbit Systems' Lizard Laser-Guided Bombs
  45. LASER BLINDS COPTER PILOT CARRYING SICK PATIENT
  46. 5-mile laser rifle in the terrifying works
  47. Portable Solid-State Pulse Laser Latest Hope for Laser Gun
  48. Boeing's new laser pod can take out roadside bombs, UAVs
  49. Laser pod could destroy bombs
  50. Laser Dazzlers for the Police and Military
  51. Indian Army to induct portable laser weapons
  52. US Army eyes truck-mounted laser
  53. Boeing developing truck-mounted laser cannons for US Army
  54. Record power for military laser
  55. Israel Defense Ministry to reexamine anti-missile laser
  56. Lasers Over LAX (Skyguard)
  57. High-Energy Lasers Could Defend Commercial Aircraft From MANPADs
  58. Mid-Infrared Lasers Confuse Heat-Seeking Missiles
  59. High Powered Laser Pointers Save U.S. Military Lives in Iraq


Russia developing laser weapons

http://www.andhravilas.com/newsdetail/454759/Russia-developing-laser-weapons.html

Moscow, Sep 22 (IANS/RIA Novosti) Russia is working on a military laser system which would reportedly be able to disable the enemy's information gathering missions and data processing systems, a top official said Wednesday.

'Work on laser weapons is under way across the world, and that includes us,' said Gen. Nikolai Makarov, the chief of Russia's Armed Forces General Staff.

It was, however, 'too soon yet' to speak about the specifications of the laser system, he said.

According to reports, Russia has been developing an airborne laser - or flying laser - that can shoot down enemy missiles in flight.



Fighter jets laser blinds heat-seeking missiles

http://weapons.technology.youngester.com/2010/09/fighter-jets-laser-blinds-heat-seeking.html

Sep 19 2010 A new aircraft gadget will help protect fighter jets from incoming heat-seeking missiles, by blinding the trailing weapon with a high-powered infrared beam.

The device, about the size of a DVD player, uses lasers to send out flashes of infrared light. It creates a massive heat mask, which warms up the heat-sensor on the missile. This confuses the weapon and hides the aircraft's primary heat sources -- the engine and exhaust

The aircraft then has to turn sharply or perform midair maneuvers to escape the predatory weapon's grasp. Typically, aircraft use more traditional lasers, which only operate on a single wavelength. If the IRCM (infrared radiation countermeasure) isn't on the same wavelength as the incoming missile, it will have the opposite effect, increasing the aircraft's heat signature, rather than masking it. The military has to rely on gathered intelligence to choose the most effective countermeasure.

The new laser is small and durable enough to fit on the outside of most fighter aircraft. It will likely be rolled out in 2011, once the size has been reduced even further and the laser made up to four times more powerful. Helicopters are planned to be the first to get it, with fighter jets coming later.



Planes being attacked by lasers at Birmingham Airport

http://www.sundaymercury.net/news/sundaymercuryexclusives/2010/09/19/planes-being-attacked-by-lasers-at-birmingham-airport-66331-27295025/

Sep 19 2010 LIVES are being put at risk after a surge in laser attacks on planes landing at Birmingham Airport, experts warned last night.Figures obtained by the Sunday Mercury show more than 50 flights arriving at Birmingham have had laser devices aimed at their cockpits this year, more than any other airport in Britain.

The powerful beams can temporarily blind pilots or illuminate the whole cockpit, leaving flight crews struggling to land the aircraft.Security experts say the devices could bring down a passenger plane unless the attacks stop.

"On the windscreen of the aircraft there are tiny abrasions, that can cause the beam to refract, which can disorientate both pilots. "In the worst cases if a pilot is hit directly in the eye, it can blind them for several seconds.



In test, US airborne laser shoots down missile: Pentagon

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/In_test_US_airborne_laser_shoots_down_missile_Pentagon_999.html

Feb 12, 2010 A high-energy laser mounted on a US military aircraft has shot down a ballistic missile in the first successful test of the weapon, the US Missile Defense Agency said on Friday.The laser, mounted on a turret on the nose of a modified 747 aircraft, is designed to knock out an enemy missile by burning a hole in its side.

The project has been touted as potentially revolutionary, as the lasers are supposed to destroy ballistic missiles just after launch, when the missiles are moving at a slower speed on a predictable path.The test could provide a boost to the five billion dollar program that has faced technical problems and been scaled back from initial plans that called for building a fleet of seven laser-equipped aircraft.



Hefty 'battle strength' electro-laser breaks 100kW barrier

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/03/18/100kw_raygun_barrier_falls/

March, 2010 US arms globocorp Northrop Grumman have claimed a significant raygun first - producing a 100+ kilowatt laser beam using electrically powered equipment. Blaster rays of this intensity formerly required the use of troublesome, toxic chemical fuels producing equally annoying wastes.

According to Northrop, their record-breaking electric energy weapon actually put out slightly better than 105kW in this latest test. The firm claims that the blast was maintained for better than five minutes without problems, that it took "less than one second" to power up and that the beam quality was "very good"

Hence the push for electrically driven lasers. These are bulky, difficult to cool and require very large amounts of 'leccy (Northrop's kit is said to be about 20 per cent efficient, meaning that a 100kW war-beam requires half a megawatt of juice - in the heavy tank ballpark rather than handheld or humvee mounted). Nonetheless, they're a lot simpler to take to war than the chemical jobs.

Northrop's line is that achieving a hot electric beam is simple using their 15kW "laser chain" units, which the company says can be hooked up together to make a raygun of any desired power output.

"Getting to 100kW with replicated building blocks proves we can scale to these higher power levels if required," said Jay Marmo, Northrop programme chief. "Northrop Grumman is ready to bring high-power, solid state lasers to the defense of our deployed forces."



Air Force Uses Airborne Lasers to Create High-Speed Data Links

http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2009-10/air-force-uses-airborne-lasers-create-high-speed-data-links

October 28, 2009 Manned Air Force jets and drones could soon send high quality video and audio by using ultra-high bandwidth lasers, transmitting critical battlefield data faster than ever. The Air Force Office of Scientific Research has conducted experiments that transmit data without interference across almost 22 miles, both in the air and on the ground.

Transmitting data through laser optics has typically suffered from atmospheric turbulence or temperature distortions. But the Air Force researchers used adaptive optics -- a process similar to how powerful telescopes compensate for atmospheric distortions to create sharp images of distant stars.



Key Reviews For HEL-TD Laser Program Completed

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Key_Reviews_For_HELTD_Laser_Program_Completed_999.html

Albuquerque NM (SPX) Oct 27, 2009 Boeing has announced the successful completion of two key reviews for the U.S. Army's High Energy Laser Technology Demonstrator (HEL TD) program.

Completion of a critical design review in July allows Boeing to begin building a rugged beam control system on a Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT), a widely used military tactical vehicle. A system functional review in June addressed key enablers for fielding a next-generation, solid-state laser weapon system.

"This demonstration program is making significant progress in developing a weapon system that will transform the way soldiers are protected on the battlefield," said Gary Fitzmire, vice president and program director of Boeing Missile Defense Systems' Directed Energy Systems unit.



Laser attacks on jets rising: Police

http://www.metronews.ca/toronto/local/article/350346--laser-attacks-on-jets-rising-police

October 26, 2009 There's an alarming increase in the number of high-powered laser attacks on passenger jets and medical helicopters flying into GTA airspace, and police and transportation authorities aren't sure how to deal with it.

Using green astronomy lasers that can temporarily disorient a pilot, an unknown group of people have fired on aircraft from Woodbine Racetrack, Bluffers Park, a TTC station and other locations from Georgetown to Markham. There have been 28 of these attacks locally so far this year and the GTA accounts for 53 per cent of the national total for 2009



City airport to get laser guns to check bird hits

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/City-airport-to-get-laser-guns-to-check-bird-hits/articleshow/5150540.cms

23 October 2009 AHMEDABAD: The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport will soon have laser guns to check the menace of bird hits

The Airports Authority of India (AAI) has finally begun acting on the directions issued during the high-level meeting between Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) and Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).

Officials said that at the meeting it was decided that the AAI would have laser guns installed at the airport instead of the existing LPG scare guns.

Officials said that the laser guns have been tested in Mumbai and soon they would be brought to Ahmedabad for trial. Once successful, the guns will be replaced with the LPG scare guns.



'Blinding' lasers to protect superyachts from pirates

http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/10/15/lasers.yachts.pirates/

October 16, 2009 LONDON, England -- A military-grade laser that blinds temporarily is the latest security technology available to wealthy superyacht owners afraid of pirate attacks

The "SeaLase" laser, similar to weapons used for crowd control in Iraq and Afghanistan by the U.S. military, has a range of four kilometers and becomes harder to look at the closer an attacker comes. At a distance of one kilometer, attackers develop strong nausea and can no longer see, according to Lasersec Systems, the Finnish company that developed the lasers for commercial use.

"We don't have guns, so we need non-lethal systems to defend yachts," Lasersec CEO Scott Buchter told CNN.

SeaLase is the latest of these kinds of weapons, which include "L-Rad," a long-range acoustic device that temporarily deafens enemies and the $450,000 "SeaOwl" tracking system, which combines radar and infrared or thermal cameras to detect incoming threats as far as five kilometers away.



Boeing Advanced Tactical Laser Strikes Moving Target In Test

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Boeing_Advanced_Tactical_Laser_Strikes_Moving_Target_In_Test_999.html

Albuquerque NM (SPX) Oct 14, 2009 Boeing and the U.S. Air Force on Sept. 19 damaged a moving ground vehicle from the air using the Advanced Tactical Laser (ATL) aircraft, completing ATL's first air-to-ground, high-power laser engagement of a mobile target.

During the test, the C-130H aircraft took off from Kirtland Air Force Base near Albuquerque and fired a high-power chemical laser through its beam control system while flying over White Sands Missile Range.

The beam control system guided the laser beam's energy to the unoccupied, remotely controlled target, striking the vehicle and putting a hole in a fender. The test demonstrated the ability to aim and fire a high-energy laser beam at a moving target "ATL has now precisely targeted and engaged both stationary and moving targets, demonstrating the transformational versatility of this speed-of-light, ultra-precision engagement capability that will dramatically reduce collateral damage."

The test occurred less than three weeks after an Aug. 30 test in which ATL damaged an unoccupied stationary vehicle, marking the aircraft's first air-to-ground, high-power laser engagement of a tactically representative target. Boeing developed ATL for the Air Force. ATL demonstrations support the development of laser defense systems that will destroy, damage or disable targets on the battlefield and in urban operations with little to no collateral damage.



Elbit Systems unit, US Army complete helicopter tests

http://www.globes.co.il/serveen/globes/docview.asp?did=1000502675&fid=942

4 Oct 09 SWORD is a Laser Radar (LADAR) that provides obstacle detection and real-time alerts to helicopter pilots flying at low altitudes.

The flight tests were conducted in collaboration with Elbit Systems Electro-Optics (ELOP) and Aviation Applied Technology Directorate (AATD), of the US Army Research, Development and Engineering Command. The tests were conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA).

The SWORD is a Laser Radar (LADAR) that provides obstacle detection and real-time alerts to helicopter pilots flying at low altitudes and adverse weather conditions. For the purpose of the CRADA tests, the system was installed and flown on-board AATD's EH-60L helicopter.

The test reports said, "Results show that the SWORD system detects cables, poles and towers accurately with a low false alarm rate."



Pain weapon in a potable version may end up in police hands

http://HOMELANDSECURITYNEWSWIRE.COM/SINGLE.PHP?ID=8834

1 OCTOBER 2009 The pentagon's efforts to develop a beam weapon that can deter an adversary by causing a burning sensation on their skin has taken a step forward with the development of a small, potentially hand-held, version

The idea of the weapon is to "create a heating sensation that repels individual adversaries", according to the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD) in Quantico, Virginia, which develops less-lethal weapons for the US military and coastguard.

Paul Marks writes that tests with a rifle-mounted infrared laser, carried out at a U.S. air force lab near Dayton, Ohio, have determined a combination of laser pulse power and wavelength that causes an alarming, hot sensation on the skin, but which stops short of causing a burn, says JNLWD project engineer Wesley Burgei.



PEW! AIRBORNE MILITARY LASER TAKES OUT TRUCK ON VIDEO

http://WWW.POPSCI.COM/MILITARY-AVIATION-AMP-SPACE/ARTICLE/2009-10/PEW-AIRBORNE-MILITARY-LASER-TAKES-OUT-TRUCK

10.01.2009 In a recent test at the white sands missile range, a specially equipped c-130 plane fried a parked truck with a powerful laser. And while we still haven't seen evidence of the laser "defeating" a ground target, as Boeing puts it, a video of it scorching a direct hit on the hood of a truck is still pretty amazing.

As you can see, the laser beam burns right through the truck's hood, and then through the engine, "defeating" the vehicle. Called the "Advanced Tactical Laser" (ATL), this is the first time the megawatt-powered chemical laser has been used to engage a target in a combat simulation situation.

Now, to be fair, the car was parked by itself in the middle of the desert. Despite those reservations, Boeing is still confident that the laser will soon provide a weapon that can take out a target with little or no collateral damage



JET PILOTS BLINDED BY LASER PEN YOB

http://www.thesun.co.uk/scotsol/homepage/news/2655676/Jet-pilots-are-blinded-by-laser-pen-yob.html

26 Sep 2009 A PACKED passenger jet had to be guided to safety by a police helicopter - after a yob shone a LASER at the pilot

The pilot and co-pilot had reported being dazzled by the beam of bright light while they flew the Boeing 757 - carrying 200 passengers - over the city's Castlemilk area.

A source said: "The crew were dazed and confused and needed to check their position." An airport insider added: "The Boeing was approaching its final flight path prior to landing when both the skipper and co-pilot radioed that they were disorientated by a beam from the ground. Both were dazzled.



LASER ENERGETICS DEMONSTRATES DAZER LASER(TM) AT THE EMMY AWARDS

http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/laser-energetics-demonstrates-dazer-lasertm-at-the-emmy-awards-61111177.html

MERCERVILLE, N.J., Sept. 24 Laser Energetics, Inc. (Pink Sheets: LNGT) announced today that the Company has successfully completed and demonstrated the first prototypes of the Dazer Laser(TM) - DEFENDER and Dazer Laser(TM) - GUARDIAN

Laser Energetics has and continues to develop a comprehensive and strategic laser product line that addresses applications in Industry, Science, Medicine and the Military. The Company has had a primary focus on its Alexandrite laser technology. These tunable solid state lasers are unique in that they can be conductively air cooled to compete favorably against water cooled lasers in many applications.

In addition, these lasers have one of the greatest wavelength tuning ranges with a bandwidth of over 250nm. The company is pursuing markets that are diverse yet can use the same laser with their compact user friendly design. This laser technology provides a sustainable advantage over many other lasers because of their tune-ability, conductively air cooled operation, and their efficiency.



TRUCK-MOUNTED LASER RAISES HOPES OF UNMANNED MILITARY DEFENSE

http://chattahbox.com/technology/2009/01/28/truck-mounted-laser-raises-hopes-of-unmanned-military-defense/

January 28, 2009 New Mexico (ChattahBox) Boeing, the well known aerospace and development company, has announced that one of it's lasers, mounted atop a truck, has shot down a UAV in New Mexico, making it the most promising military prototype in some time. This is a big step since the last test with a moving target and because the power of its laser has been doubled since 2007, when it was shown off destroying a stationary improvised bomb.

The idea behind the Laser Avenger is simple: take an infrared laser, stick it on a Humvee, and let it do it's work. The truck is unmanned and can be very small, making it a much safer option for military defense then that of using soldiers to do the shooting, and it's aim is impeccable, as it is able to pick up smaller objects on radar, such as small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

The project has been personally funded by Selinger Boeing himself, but he has high hopes that the government will be impressed. "If funded by the Pentagon, the Laser Avenger could be available within a year," he said in a recent statement.



U.S.- India Strategic Partnership on Laser-Based Missile Defense

http://www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/wm2250.cfm

January 27, 2009 Last week, the Press Trust of India reported that defense officials intend to produce a laser capable of shooting down enemy ballistic missiles. The United States is a global leader in directed-energy defenses, including both low and high-powered lasers. American military research is also highly advanced in the technologies of acquiring targets as well as the command, control, and battle management systems necessary to identify and direct weapons to destroy missiles and other targets.

The United States and India share many security concerns, such as the threat of ballistic missiles. V. K. Saraswat of the Defense Research and Development Organization rightly told the Press Times of India: "If you have a laser-based system on an airborne or seaborne platform, it can travel at the speed of light and in a few seconds, [and] we can kill a ballistic missile coming towards [India]." India's interest in developing directed energy defenses is understandable, as lasers have several distinct advantages.



BOEING: WE ZAPPED A UAV WITH A LASER

http://news.cnet.com/8301-17938_105-10150136-1.html

January 26, 2009 Boeing is seeing a glimmer of progress in its work toward fielding laser weapons. The defense industry giant on Monday said tests of its Laser Avenger system in December marked "the first time a combat vehicle has used a laser to shoot down a UAV," or unmanned aerial vehicle. In the testing, the Humvee-mounted Laser Avenger located and tracked three small UAVs in flight over the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico and knocked one of the drone aircraft out of the sky.

Boeing didn't go into much detail about the shoot-down. In response to a query by CNET News, it did say this much about the strike by the the kilowatt-class laser: "A hole was burned in a critical flight control element of the UAV, rendering the aircraft unflyable."



LASER 1, DRONE 0 IN BOEING TEST

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2009/01/laser-1-drone-0.html

January 26, 2009 Last month, a small robotic plane flew into the skies over New Mexico's White Sands Missile Range. Tracking the drone was an experimental Humvee, equipped with a laser. The real-life ray gun then took aim at the drone, and began blasting. Soon, the drone had a hole burnt through it -- and was crashing down to the desert.

For decades, the Army and the Air Force have used laser prototypes to zap unmanned planes. But what makes this test, held last month, a little different is that the laser was small, and low-powered. Which makes the ray gun, at least in theory, fairly easy to fit into an existing combat vehicle. In the summer of 2007, this modified Humvee -- a Boeing "Laser Avenger" -- blasted five targets on the ground, including some unexploded ordnance.

Those initial trials raised some eyebrows, because the Laser Avenger used only one kilowatt laser; 100 kilowatts is generally considered the minimum for weapons-grade. Since then, the power has been "doubled," Boeing executive Lee Gutheinz says in a statement. And Boeing swears the weapon performs just fine, despite its relative weakness.



Boeing Laser Avenger Shoots Down Unmanned Aerial Vehicle In Tests

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Boeing_Laser_Avenger_Shoots_Down_Unmanned_Aerial_Vehicle_In_Tests_999.html

http://www.laserfocusworld.com/display_article/352076/12/none/none/TECHN/Combat-vehicle-uses-laser-to-shoot-down-UAV-in-tests

Jan 28, 2009 Boeing has successfully demonstrated that a laser system mounted on an Avenger combat vehicle can shoot down a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) like those that increasingly threaten U.S. troops deployed in war zones. During tests last month at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., Laser Avenger achieved its principal test objectives by using its advanced targeting system to acquire and track three small UAVs flying against a complex background of mountains and desert.

The laser system also shot down one of the UAVs from an operationally relevant range. These tests mark the first time a combat vehicle has used a laser to shoot down a UAV.

"Small UAVs armed with explosives or equipped with surveillance sensors are a growing threat on the battlefield," said Gary Fitzmire, vice president and program director of Boeing Directed Energy Systems. "Laser Avenger, unlike a conventional weapon, can fire its laser beam without creating missile exhaust or gun flashes that would reveal its position. As a result, Laser Avenger can neutralize these UAV threats while keeping our troops safe."

The tests follow a 2007 demonstration in which an earlier version of Laser Avenger neutralized improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and unexploded ordnance (UXO) on the ground. "We doubled the laser power; added sophisticated acquisition, tracking and pointing capability; and simplified and ruggedized the design," said Lee Gutheinz, Boeing program director for High-Energy Laser/Electro-Optical Systems. "Boeing developed and integrated these upgrades in less than a year, underscoring our ability to rapidly respond to warfighters' needs."



Thompson Files: Fuzed weapons are good

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Thompson_Files_Fuzed_weapons_are_good_999.html

Arlington, Va. (UPI) Aug 1, 2008 Some of the saddest stories to come out of recent military conflicts concern children who found the unexploded remains of cluster bombs.

Cluster bombs are designed to neutralize a wide area by carpeting it with many small explosive devices, called sub-munitions. But some of the sub-munitions on older cluster bombs fail to detonate, and can lie unnoticed for months or years until children pick them up. The result, all too often, is dead children, or lost limbs, blindness and other tragic wounds.

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates recently approved a new policy to reduce the danger that cluster bombs pose to non-combatants by setting a timetable for phasing out unreliable munitions and using only systems that detonate or go dormant quickly.



Air Force Looks to Laser-Proof Its Weapons

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/07/spray-on-laser.html

July 30, 2008 Real-life laser weapons aren't here, yet. But they're getting closer. Which is why the Air Force is starting to look for ways to laser-proof its bombs and missiles -- with spray-on coatings, no less.

A new Air Force request for proposals asks researchers to come up with ways to find "retrofittable laser protection for weapons."

Hence the need for "High Energy Laser (HEL)-shielding technology that can be applied to vulnerable airframe components and internal guidance electronics of [a]ir-delivered bombs and missiles."

The idea isn't to renders the weapons "impervious" to ray gun blasts. The Air Force just wants the shield to delay the laser burning through a weapon's skin -- five seconds or so ought to do the job. The best way to make it happen, the service believes, is with "a thermal protection coating (e.g., spray-on) or a broadband reflector embedded layer on [the] munition['s] skin."



'Laser jumbo' testing moves ahead

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7531046.stm

29 July 2008 A US military plane equipped with a powerful laser has moved a step closer to becoming a viable weapon. Engineers have started flowing chemical fuel through the laser to test its sequencing and control. This will set up the first test firing of the weapon aboard the aircraft while it is on the ground. The US Air Force's Airborne Laser (ABL) is designed to shoot down enemy ballistic missiles in the early stages of their flight.

"The Airborne Laser team has done a great job preparing the high-energy laser for these fuel tests, which will lead the way toward achieving 'first light' of the laser aboard the aircraft," said Mike Rinn, vice president of Boeing, which is prime contractor on the project.

The ABL illuminates the missile with a laser tracking beam, while computers measure its distance and calculate its course and direction. After acquiring and locking onto the target, a second, high-power laser fires a three-to-five-second burst from a turret located in the 747's nose. The beam heats up the pressurised fuel tank of the outbound missile and causes it to rupture, destroying the missile. The high-energy weapon is a Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL) capable of producing megawatts of power.

The ABL's range is limited by the distance its beam can propagate through the atmosphere and remain focused. This is affected by atmospheric conditions, turbulence (changes in air density as the result of heating and cooling), humidity, clouds and the time of day. According to an American Physical Society report in 2004, the Airborne Laser could shoot down a typical liquid-fuel intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) from up to 600km away. However, against solid-fuel ICBMs, which are more resistant to heating, the useful range would be about 300km.



Boeing Designs Laser Weapon

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/03/light-laser-new.html

ST. LOUIS, July 24, 2008 Boeing has successfully completed the preliminary design of their beam control system for the U.S. Army's High Energy Laser Technology Demonstrator (HEL TD) program. The objective of the HED TD program is to demonstrate that a mobile, solid-state laser weapon system can effectively counter rocket, artillery and mortar projectiles. The program will support the transition to a full-fledged Army acquisition program.

"HEL TD is a cornerstone of the Army's high-energy laser program, and this successful completion of the preliminary design is an important step in developing a weapon system that can change the face of the battlefield," says Scott Fancher, vice president and general manager of Boeing Missile Defense Systems.



COMPACT LASER DAZZLERS FOR CANADIAN FORCES SMALL ARMS

http://communities.canada.com/ottawacitizen/blogs/defencewatch/archive/2008/07/21/compact-laser-dazzlers-for-canadian-forces-small-arms.aspx

July 30, 2008 The CF is on the verge of launching the project definition portion of its upcoming laser dazzler program. It's still waiting for Defence Minister Peter MacKay to approve things but that isn't expected to be a problem. The military had wanted to get this underway in the fall but has been slowed down by the legal aspects of the weapon system (ie; is it a laser weapon or a signaling device). Canada has ratified a treaty that prevents the use of weapons that cause permanent blindness so the legalities have taken some time.

The Canadian military wants to mount the dazzlers on rifles and vehicles, mainly for use in protecting convoys. It's hoped the systems might reduce the number of Afghan civilians killed or injured by soldiers after failing to heed warnings to stop at checkpoints or not approach convoys.

The dazzler would be able to be mounted on the C-7 family of small arms.



Revellers blinded by laser show in Russia

http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/Revellers-blinded-by-laser-show-in-Russia/335381/

Moscow, July 14, 2008 Dozens of young revellers were blinded by a laser show at a dance and music festival near Moscow last week and doctors fear the damage may be irreparable, the Kommersant daily reported on Monday.

"More than 30 people between the ages of 16 and 30 have ended up in hospitals in the capital with the same diagnosis-- damaged retinas - since July 7," the report said, quoting doctors.

One doctor told Kommersant, "All of them have burnt retinas, and you can see scars on them. The loss of eyesight in some cases is up to 80 per cent and it's unlikely it can ever be restored."

Festival goers being treated in hospital said they were blinded when lasers intended to light up the night sky were trained on dancers. "I immediately saw a black spot like the kind you get when you look at the sun," said one of the patients. The Aquamarine festival took place near the town of Vladimir, some 170 kilometres east of Moscow



Sonic Blaster + Laser = New Weapon

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/03/light-laser-new.html

March 31, 2008 Imagine being hit by a nonlethal blast that seems to explode in front of you -- a deafening and blinding combination of light and sound. As the battle for "sonic blasters" heats up, a number of companies are looking at innovative ways to combine light and sound into new, nonlethal devices.

"The device uses a technology known as dynamic pulse detonation (DPD). A short but intense laser pulse creates a ball of plasma, and a second laser pulse generates a supersonic shockwave within the plasma to generate a bright flash and a loud bang,"



Pilots dazzled by laser pointers

http://www.stuff.co.nz/4458777a11.html

01 April 2008 Laser pointers should carry compulsory warnings and be restricted for sale to adults only, says an aviation security expert for the New Zealand Air Line Pilots' Association (NZALPA).

New South Wales authorities appear set to ban the pointers after one was used on Friday night to target pilots landing at Sydney Airport. Laser pointers are already outlawed in Victoria and Western Australia.



Taking Terror Threat Out of Flying

http://www.abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=4532048&page=1

March 26, 2008 Terrorist organizations have let it be known that they would use their shoulder-launched surface-to-air-missiles, otherwise known as man portable air defense systems (MAN PADS), to attack commercial aircraft.

To counter these threats, the Department of Homeland Security asked if current military technology could also protect our commercial jets.

Northrop Grumman announced today that it has completed a 14-month test of a commercial anti-missile system - the Guardian System - and it's ready to be deployed.

The technology is contained in a seven-foot canoe-shaped "pod," weighing 500 pounds, attached to the belly of the plane, with "eyes" that can scan 360 degrees at all times and a turret housing a laser that disables the missile, according to Northrop Grumman.

When they see a missile, they turn the turret toward the missile, lock on to the missile and track it," he said. "When they determine it really is a missile, they activate an eye-safe laser and jam the guidance system of the missile, turning it away from the airplane."

The Guardian System pod is self-contained and does not require any action on the part of the flight crew to engage.

"It happens in two to three seconds, and it happens so quickly," Pledger said. "Because these missiles fly at over twice the speed of sound, and can be fired fairly close to the airplane, there really is no time for a human to get involved. So, everything has to be automatic, everything the system needs to detect the missile, to track and jam it is located in the pod and it is all done autonomously."



FERRIES TARGETED IN LASER ATTACKS

http://www.livenews.com.au/Articles/2008/03/27/Ferries_targeted_in_laser_attacks

March 27, 2008 Ferry driver has been the subject of a laser attack on Sydney harbour.

Witnesses have told police the laser beam came from a man standing on the Rose Bay public wharf.

The ferry was passing around Seven Thirty when a green laser was shone into the cabin - temporarily blinding the skipper.



Navy Pushing Laser 'Holy Grail' to Weapons Grade

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/03/battlefield-str.html

March 26, 2008 The Navy is pushing ahead with a five-year, $163 million dollar plan to bring the "Holy Grail" of energy weapons up to battlefield strength.

For decades, scientists have been slowly working on a laser that never runs out of shots -- and can be "tuned" to blast through the air, at just the right wavelength. For most of that time, all they could get was a laser at lightbulb-strength. But in 2004, researchers at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility finally managed to assemble a "Free Electron Laser," or FEL, that could generate 10,000 watts of power. Now, the Navy has started an effort to design and build a new FEL, 10 times as strong. That would bring the laser up to 100 kilowatts -- what's considered the minimum threshold for weapons-grade. But it would also be just a stepping stone, on the way to an energy weapon as powerful as any produced. If ray gun researchers can get the thing to work, that is.

These days, some lasers use use garnet crystals as their gain media. Others, huge vats of toxic chemicals. But a FEL doesn't use any gain medium at all to generate its beam. It uses a turbocharged stream of electrons to kick-start its reaction, instead. And that lets the FEL fire along many different wavelengths -- and for a long, long time. Which is why it's been called the "Holy Grail of lasers."



Defense officials view laser as future of anti-missile technology

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/967338.html

March 24, 2008 For the past two years, the defense industry has been working on an order commissioned by the Ministry of Defense to develop a system that can intercept rockets, the kind that Gazan militants for years or Hezbollah during the Second Lebanon War have showered on Israel.

The industry is endeavoring to produce an operational system based on a so-called solid laser beam, produced by electrical current, as opposed to the chemically-based laser beam, currently in use by the U.S. Nautilus interceptor system.

Technology using solid lasers has not been developed, which is why Rafael is lowering expectations by saying its system will not be available for at least eight years. In theory, using such technology would allow the system to lock on to a rocket as it is fired at Israel and send a beam traveling at the speed of light that will cause the warhead to heat up and explode within two seconds



X-47B manhunter drone could fly next year, to carry laser weapons and more

http://dvice.com/archives/2008/03/x47b_unmanned_a.php

The manhunters are coming. Air Force pal and defense contractor Northrop Grumman has been tinkering with this X-47B drone since early in this century, but now things are getting serious. How serious? The sophisticated radio-controlled jet might be flying off aircraft carriers as early as next year. Besides calling the beast a "manhunter," the company plans to equip the unmanned plane with air-to-air missiles, laser and microwave firepower (called "directed energy and rechargeable weapons") that can take out enemy missiles.



FRENCH CHAMPION LYON FINED AFTER FAN AIMED LASER AT CRISTIANO RONALDO

http://canadianpress.google.com/article/ALeqM5iMn4g9Br98v5fT94ExXvmLKZWKkg

Mar 20, 2008 NYON, Switzerland - UEFA fined French champion Lyon 3,200 euros (C$5,000) Thursday because a fan aimed a laser pen at Manchester United player Cristiano Ronaldo during a match.

Television replays showed a circle of bright, green light shining on the Portugal international during the first half of United's Champions League game at Stade Gerland on Feb. 20.

The fine was imposed for "incidents of an unsporting nature," UEFA said in a statement

Manchester United staff reported the laser pen being directed from the stands before and during the match.



ISRAELI TOWN DEMANDS ANTI-MISSILE LASER

http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,338009,00.html

March 17, 2008 Seventy residents of Sderot, a town of 20,000 people less than a mile from the Gaza Strip, sued Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Defense Minister Ehud Barak Wednesday, demanding immediate deployment of the mothballed Nautilus missile-defense system.

The Nautilus system was jointly developed at a cost of $300 million by the U.S. and Israeli militaries to shoot down medium-range Katyusha rockets launched over the Lebanese border by Hezbollah.

But it was deemed too expensive and too inaccurate, and both countries abandoned it in 2005.

The Nautilus was in fact never tested against the short-range Qassam rockets, which reach their targets within 10 seconds after launch, more quickly than most anti-missile systems can lock in on and intercept them.

Northrop Grumman claims it's improved the Nautilus system, now called SkyGuard, so that it's smaller and faster, though its press materials didn't specify a targeting-and-response time.

The Israeli military is in fact working on a different system called "Iron Dome," which essentially shoots down missiles with large bullets.



VIDEO: ARMY LASERS ZAP BIKERS IN AFGHANISTAN

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/03/laser-tag-in-af.html

Laser "dazzlers" are becoming increasingly popular as nonlethal devices. This is one of the first videos I've seen of the lasers actually being used. It shows a military convoy in Afghanistan zapping bicyclists and motorists as a way to clear traffic.



U.S. Tests Anti-IED Laser

http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?F=3123006&C=america

Nov 26, 2007 Within three years, the U.S. Army hopes to field a solid-state, 1-kilowatt, vehicle-mounted laser that can destroy improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and UAVs, Army program managers said. A prototype weapon called the Avenger performed well during a Boeing-Army test in September at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Ala.

It was the first test of record for the solid-state laser.

"The laser propagates through a telescope built onto the AMW, focusing that kilowatt of power out at operational ranges, placing the hot, high-intensity thermal light beam on UXO [unexploded ordnance] and/or IEDs," said Lee Gutheinz, Boeing's high-energy laser and electro-optical program director. The Avenger laser burns through bomb casings, touching off part of the explosive material. This means the bomb detonates with much less force than if it had been set off as planned, or shot at with a gun.

"The effect that a thermal engagement can have on unexploded ordnance or an IED is that you can heat them until they deflagrate - then blow up," Gutheinz said. "The explosive in the shell cooks off slowly through either melting or bubbles off. It goes off in a low yield so you will typically only blow up about 30 percent of the explosive."



TESTING NEEDED ON LASER WEAPONS, MILITARY OBSERVERS SAY

http://www.canada.com/....id=d2ec53f3-19f7-49ac-a6da-aa95a4e3ca7d&k=32874

November 19, 2007 Canada should hold off equipping its soldiers in Afghanistan with laser weapons until the systems can be tested to ensure they can't inadvertently blind civilians or harm the troops using them, says an Ottawa-based think-tank.

The Canadian military is looking at purchasing the systems, known as laser dazzlers, for use against Afghans who would get too close to military convoys. The devices are capable of temporarily blinding people, serving as a warning not to approach military checkpoints or vehicles.

The Canadian Forces hope the use of dazzlers would reduce the number of times troops have to fire upon vehicles whose drivers have failed to heed warnings to stop or not to come any closer.

Dazzlers are capable of "disrupting" the vision of a person 50 to 500 metres away, depending on the specific type of model used. The systems are considered non-lethal weapons by Defence officials, although some in the military prefer to refer to them as warning devices as opposed to weapons. Being hit by a dazzler is akin to looking directly into the sun, according to some reports.



Boeing Tests Avenger Solid State Laser Weapon

http://www.tfot.info/news/1051/boeing-tests-avenger-solid-state-laser-weapon.html

November 20, 2007 In late September 2007, Boeing successfully tested a 1kw solid state laser weapon mounted on a converted Avenger anti aircraft vehicle in Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. The laser successfully destroyed several unexploded mortar shells from a safe distance and was also able to destroy two unmanned aerial vehicles (which were on the ground). Boeing hopes to introduce the first operational laser-based weapon systems in the not too distant future, helping soldiers to fight road side bombs and to defend themselves from possible aerial threats.

However, in recent years, there is a growing hope that smaller, lighter, and safer lasers will be able to perform at least some of the tasks currently carried out by these large military chemical lasers. The new lasers are solid state and use glass or crystalline material (with some additives) to create the laser beam. For many years, lasers of this type were considered too weak to be used for many military tasks, but Boeing's recent successful experiment has proved that solid state laser-based weapons are finally suitable for military service.

The modified Avenger system works by aiming a laser beam at a roadside bomb or unexploded ammunition "and then increasing the power until the explosive fizzles out in a low yield detonation," said Gary Fitzmire, Boeing's Vice President who is in charge of the Laser Avenger Program.

In the current test, the system was only able to destroy stationery ground targets using its 1kw laser. Boeing is considering the development of an upgraded weapons' system that will have a shoot-on-the-move capability and the ability to destroy other kinds of targets, including low-flying unmanned aerial vehicles.



SKorea seen developing laser weapons

http://www.physorg.com/news113939734.html

November 10, 2007 South Korea is developing a mobile truck-mounted laser weapon capable of destroying North Korean missiles and artillery shells, a report said.

A defence ministry research team and defence firms have been involved in the development of high energy laser weapons, the Chosun Ilbo newspaper said.

From 2010, South Korea hopes to deploy the weapon, which can counter North Korean missiles and long-range artillery shells deployed along the border, it said.

South Korea faces a potential military threat from nuclear-armed North Korea, which has improved its missile system to cover all east Asia.



Blackwater's New Weapon: Laser Dazzlers

http://blog.wired.com/defense/2007/11/blackwaters-new.html

November 16, 2007 The State Department has a high-tech solution to keeping its security contractors from killing any more Iraqi civilians unnecessarily: Give the mercs laser dazzlers and helmet cameras

U.S. officials also tell ABC News that "the State Department plans to double the number of its diplomatic security agents to 90 so that one of its agents can accompany every convoy guarded by Blackwater and other private security contractors."

This isn't the first time the dazzlers -- which temporarily blind its targets, with pulses of green laser light -- have been pitched as life-savers for non-combatants in Iraq.



AIRCRAFT LASER ATTACKS ON THE INCREASE

http://abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/10/02/2048910.htm?section=business

Oct 2, 2007 Police are investigating an incident on Sunday night where a laser beam was directed at a media helicopter as it travelled to the Sydney Olympic Stadium for the NRL grand final.

Officers believe it came from Carnarvon Street in Silverwater but they had no luck tracking the culprits.

Authority spokesman Peter Gibson says there has been about 180 attacks reported by pilots in the past 18 months.

"Unfortunately the attacks are now fairly frequent. We're getting two or three reports every week from airports around the country," he said.



Israel Air Force to be Equipped With Elbit Systems' Lizard Laser-Guided Bombs

http://money.cnn.com/news/newsfeeds/articles/prnewswire/LNSU00130092007-1.htm

September 30, 2007 Elbit Systems Ltd. reported today that it had been selected to equip the Israel Air Force (IAF) with its Lizard laser-guided bombs. Contract value is several $Millions and the initial supply of the systems to the IAF has already begun.

Lizard, a sophisticated new generation laser-guided bomb incorporates decades of Elbit Systems in-house technological expertise. The system, which will be used for air-to-surface attack of diverse targets, inflicts pinpoint damage while substantially reducing collateral damage. The current laser designator is designed for warheads of various sizes.



LASER BLINDS COPTER PILOT CARRYING SICK PATIENT

http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/laser-blinds-copter-pilot-carrying-sick-patient/2007/09/29/1190486633701.html

September 30, 2007 A HELICOPTER carrying a critically ill brain surgery patient could not land after the pilot was targeted by a laser beam from the ground.

A senior NSW Ambulance Service spokesman said the laser attack - one of a growing number against aircraft - could have been catastrophic.

The Bell 412EP was forced to restart its landing procedures when struck by the green beam from a residence in Marrickville about 10.30pm on Friday

It was the second time in three weeks that pilot Darryl Humphries was the victim of such an attack.

Since 2006 there have been more than 170 reports of laser lights being directed at aircraft and the number is increasing. Forty-nine incidents were reported between April and June this year.



5-mile laser rifle in the terrifying works

http://blog.scifi.com/tech/archives/2007/08/27/5mile_laser_rif.html

August 27, 2007 Movies about the future are slowly becoming a reality one new technology at a time. Take, for example, laser guns. A staple of sci fi movies for years, they've never quite come to fruition - until now. A California company called TRW Systems is working on a laser beam rifle that'll be able to burn things from 5 miles away. Yeah, 5 miles.

And when I say burn things, I'm not talking about pieces of paper. It could burn a fatal, quarter-inch-wide hole in a person's body without making a sound from 5 miles out. Oh-great. Somehow, these things always seemed a lot cooler in space. Now that its possible to get your guts burned out from across town I'm not sure how psyched I am about it. - Adam Frucci



Portable Solid-State Pulse Laser Latest Hope for Laser Gun

http://www.dailytech.com/..../article8618.htm

August 28, 2007 The U.S. will possibly field man-sized portable laser weapons in coming years

Yet there are still some laser weapon technologies that could bring the long dreamed of laser gun to fruition. Solid-state lasers, the oldest and most mature types of lasers, are one of the more viable options since they don't require corrosive chemicals to produce the laser beam. The solid-state laser simply requires a supply of electricity to produce a beam, and only needs enough power for a single pulse rather than a continuous beam.

Current solid-state lasers are used for everything from tattoo removal to optical refrigeration. However, unlike gas and chemical lasers, solid-state lasers cannot achieve megawatt capabilities without vast amounts of electricity -- not practical for mobile forces. Yet kilowatt lasers may be enough for soldiers on the ground.



Boeing's new laser pod can take out roadside bombs, UAVs

http://www.domain-b.com/companies/companies_b/boeing/20070823_bombs.html

23 August 2007 The US Army and aircraft manufacturer Boeing are presently testing a vehicle-mounted laser weapon that shoot down enemy planes as well as help soldiers clear their path of dangerous roadside bombs and unexploded artillery shells.

Defence manufacturer Boeing is developing a laser pod that can be mounted on its Avenger Agile Multi-Role Weapon System. The one-kilowatt, solid-state laser would be used to destroy explosives and possibly shoot down enemy unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

The laser melts away the explosives and destroys the bomb or unexploded ordnance at a safe distance without setting it off, to restrict damage and keep troops and people safe. Boeing already uses its 20-year-old Avenger system as the foundation for its Agile Multi-Role Weapon System, which is designed to allow US forces to use a variety of rockets, guided missiles and guns to tackle ground and air threats.



Laser pod could destroy bombs

http://www.al.com/business/..../1187774180311980.xml&coll=1

August 22, 2007 Army and Boeing Co. engineers hope Redstone Arsenal tests of a vehicle-mounted laser beam could one day help soldiers clear their path of dangerous roadside bombs, unexploded ordnance and enemy aerial vehicles.

Boeing is developing a laser pod that can be mounted on its Avenger Agile Multi-Role Weapon System. The one-kilowatt, solid-state laser would be used to destroy explosives and possibly shoot down enemy unmanned aerial vehicles, said Phil Hillman, Boeing project manager for the Avenger program in Huntsville.

"The key goal is to use the laser to melt away the explosives and destroy the bomb or unexploded ordnance at a safe distance without setting it off like it was intended to do. That will keep damage down and keep troops and people in a safe" area, Hillman said during last week's Space & Missile Defense Conference in Huntsville.

In addition to roadside bombs, Boeing engineers hope that the laser pod can be used to swat small enemy UAVs out of the sky, said Gary Fitzmire, Boeing vice president for directed-energy programs. "That's our plan for 2008," he said.

The laser pod has to be stable so the advanced optics can be used to generate a beam to strike small aircraft such as UAVs. For ground use, the laser system will be tested at Redstone beginning around the first of September, Fitzmire said.



Laser Dazzlers for the Police and Military

http://technocrat.net/d/2007/8/18/25239

18 Aug 2007 Permanently blinding laser weapons (and now strong LEDs) are allegedly illegal under international law, but if they make claims it is only temporarily blinding, that is enough to garner interest for some militaries and police forces.

"Two versions of the portable non-lethal dazzlers, including a hand-held laser dazzler, are set to be inducted into the Indian armed forces for use in counter-insurgency operations. This will make the 21st century soldier a technology-driven jawan," a top defence source told PTI."....and

"The device works by temporarily blinding and disorienting a person, said Bob Lieberman, president of Intelligent Optical. Once aimed at someone's eyes, light pulses and colors can be triggered and the subject's eyes can't adjust."...more tech like this along with the sonic and microwave weapons and public political protest is about over, there



Indian Army to induct portable laser weapons

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/.../articleshow/2287506.cms

17 Aug 2007 JAMMU: Soldiers engaged in counter-insurgency operations in Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeast will soon have a new weapon to help them take on militants -- portable non-lethal laser dazzlers that can stun and blind their opponents.

"Two versions of the portable non-lethal dazzlers (PNLD), including a hand-held laser dazzler, are set to be inducted into the Indian armed forces for use in counter-insurgency operations. This will make the 21st century soldier a technology-driven jawan," a top defence source told a news agency.

The laser dazzlers, which can be mounted on existing weapons used by the soldiers, were tested in Kashmir in October last year and will be inducted into the army possibly by next year, sources said. They could be used against militants operating in the hinterland of Kashmir and against those infiltrating into the state across the Line of Control (LoC).

The Defence Research and Development Organisation's Laser Science and Technology Centre (LASTEC) in Delhi has developed two variants of the PNLD suitable for counter-insurgency operations. The hand-held and weapon-mounted versions of the PNLD have a maximum range of 50 meters and 500 meters respectively, the sources said.

Both variants are completely non-lethal directed-energy weapons employing intense visible light and produce randomly a flickering green laser output that is sufficient to cause temporary blindness or disorientation. The dazzlers also have an in-built safety interlock to prevent misuse and the weapons do not cause permanent blindness, the sources said.



US Army eyes truck-mounted laser

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/6917041.stm

26 July 2007: The US Army is developing a truck-mounted laser weapon to destroy rockets, artillery shells and mortars.

Aerospace giant Boeing has been awarded a contract to start on the first phase of the project - designing a control system for the laser beam

The solid state laser weapon would eventually be mounted on a 10-tonne, eight-wheel-drive tactical truck.

The objective of the High Energy Laser Technology Demonstrator (HEL TD) programme is to demonstrate that a mobile, solid state laser can effectively counter rockets, shells and mortars.



Boeing developing truck-mounted laser cannons for US Army

http://www.engadget.com/2007/07/25/boeing-developing-truck-mounted-laser-cannons-for-us-army/

25 July 2007: Boeing is certainly no stranger to lasers of various sorts and it's now extending its expertise to the US Army, recently snagging a $7 million contract to begin developing a truck-mounted laser weapon system. From the sound of it, the system appears to be not unlike a mobile version of the still-in-development Skyguard laser defence system, with it designed to shoot down rockets, artillery shells and mortar rounds. According to Boeing, the laser cannon would be mounted on a Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck

It will be a mobile defense system that creates a virtual bubble of protection against flying artillery over anything located within a five kilometer radius. Based on the THEL that's been in development since 1996, the so-called Skyguard system employs target-acquisition radar and a deuterium fluoride laser to detect and shoot down a variety of airborne projectiles, including rockets, mortars, and short-range munitions. Northrop is promoting the weapon as a way for countries to defend deployed troops or critical infrastructure such as airports, and not surprisingly, Israel was one of the first foreign nations given a product pitch. Initially the system is said to cost between $150 and $200 million per installation, though mass adoption could see prices plummet to less than $30 million.



Record power for military laser

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6380789.stm

22 February 2007: A laser developed for military use is a few steps away from hitting a power threshold thought necessary to turn it into a battlefield weapon.

The Solid State Heat Capacity Laser (SSHCL) has achieved 67 kilowatts (kW) of average power in the laboratory.

Potentially, lasers could destroy rockets, mortars or roadside bombs.



Israel Defense Ministry to reexamine anti-missile laser

http://www.globes.co.il/serveen/globes/docview.asp?did=1000122336&fid=942

The decision to reconsider use of the Skyguard system was taken in view of the strategic threat posed by Hizbullah rocket attacks on strategic sites such as Oil Refineries and chemical factories in the Haifa Bay area. The latest model of the Skyguard is still on the drawing boards, so no evaluation of its performance can be made at this point.

software that would enable surplus interception using existing radar systems, in a similar mode to the Green Pine system used by the Arrow anti-ballistic missile. This software can provide the radar system with retroactive data on the precise location of rocket launches and anticipated points of impacts, based on the characteristics of the trajectory of each Katushya or Kassam rocket.

According to its plan, Northrop Grumman will need $300-400 million to complete development and build a prototype of the Skyguard. The company said that the new model will retain the original effective target range of 6-8 km and that the development would be completed within 12-18 months. Each interception system will cost an estimated $30-50 million. Northrop Grumman has proposed that the laser systems be stationed near every sensitive site or densely populated town near Israel's borders such as Sderot.



Lasers Over LAX (Skyguard)

http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htada/articles/20060725.aspx

The Department of Homeland Security is being offered a laser anti-projectile system, Skyguard, for protecting commercial aircraft from portable anti-aircraft missiles. The manufacturer, Northrop Grumman, developed THEL (Tactical High Energy Laser) for combat situations. Tests last year showed THEL was able to knock down barrages of incoming mortar shells. Israel was a partner in the development of THEL, which was originally to enter service until 2007.

The THEL laser and radar system can track up to sixty targets (mortar and artillery shells, rockets) at a time and fire on and destroy these projectiles at a range of up to five kilometers. THEL can destroy about a dozen targets a minute, at a cost of some $3,000 per shot. It's taken nine years, and over a half a billion dollars, for American and Israeli engineers to get that far. The short range, however, meant that THEL could only protect a short (ten kilometer) stretch of, say, the Labanese border.

The first Skyguard system would cost about $150 million, with subsequent ones costing about 70 percent less. Ultimately, a multi-billion dollar contract is in play here. Skyguard will also be able to handle rockets, artillery projectiles, mortars, unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles.



High-Energy Lasers Could Defend Commercial Aircraft From MANPADs

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/High_Energy_Lasers

Northrop Grumman has formally proposed a ground-based, high-energy laser system, Skyguard, as part of a layered airport defense against the man-portable air defense systems (MANPADs) threat to commercial aviation

Based on technology proven by the Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) testbed at White Sands Missile Range, N.M., Skyguard has the specific capabilities needed to defeat supersonic threats, including speed-of-light operation, extreme precision, proven lethality and demonstrated operational safety, according to McVey. He noted that THEL has shot down dozens of rockets in flight since 2000, including 122 mm Katyusha rockets, short-range ballistic missiles, artillery and several calibers of mortars

Compatible with a range of packaging options, the Skyguard laser system would be placed at or near an airport to detect, track and destroy a variety of threats. This capability will handle a full range of infrared seeker systems, and also is uniquely effective against command-guided missiles and other threats known to be in growing terrorist inventories.



Mid-Infrared Lasers Confuse Heat-Seeking Missiles

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Mid_Infrared_Lasers_Confuse_Heat_Seeking_Missiles.html

Quintessence Photonics has announced that it has won a US Government Contract to develop and deliver high-power Mid-Infrared Lasers. The Phase III award is a follow on to previous development activity funded by the US Army, which culminates in the delivery of semiconductor lasers, which emit light in the Mid-Infrared wavelength regime.

Low-cost, high-power mid-infrared have a variety of defense and homeland security applications, including protection of aircraft, ships and armored vehicles from heat-seeking missiles and standoff detection of chemical weapons.

Free space optical communications and imaging on the battlefield benefit from mid-infrared sources since, unlike visible and near-infrared wavelengths, communications at mid-infrared wavelengths are relatively immune to fog, smoke and solar background impairments.



High Powered Laser Pointers Save U.S. Military Lives in Iraq

http://www.prweb.com/releases/20061350/5/prweb390138.htm

U.S. military personnel are using high-powered laser pointers as life-saving tools in combat situations. These handheld lasers are not standard issue military gear, yet they are valued so highly in combat situations that servicemen frequently purchase them at their own expense.



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Updated: 6 April, 2015
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